How to implement a file server on Windows Server 2008 File Services.
> How to implement NFS on Windows Server 2008 File Services.

Windows Server 2008 File Services allows you to implement and manage a file server. New features such as Storage Utilization Monitoring allow you to monitor disk usage and run reports.

Add Windows Server 2008 “File Server” Role

1. Open Server Manager, click on “Add Roles”
2. choose “File Services”, click Next
3. On “Select Role Services” screen, choose File Server, File Server Resource Manager. Click Next.
Note: choose “Services for Network File System”, if you need to serve files to UNIX systems.
4. On “Configure Storage Utilization Monitoring” screen, choose the volume you want to monitor
5. Click Install at the end.

Create a share using “Provision a Shared Folder Wizard”

6. Open Server Manager, on the left pane, expend Roles > File Services > Share and Storage Management.
7. Click “Provision Share link” on the right pane.
8. On “Shared Folder Location” Screen, Browse to the location you want to share, click Next
9. On “NTFS Permissions” screen, select “Yes, change NTFS permissions”, click “Edit permission” and add appropriate users.
10. On “Share Protocols”, check “SMB”, enter Share name.
Note: Check “NFS”, if you need to serve files to UNIX systems via NFS.
11. On “SMB Settings” screen, Click Next
12. On “SMB Permissions” screen, you can configure share-level permissions. These permissions apply to users browsing the shares over the network.
13. On “Quota Policy” screen, you can configure disk quota.
14. On “File Screen Policy” screen, you can configure types of files that is not allowed on the share.
15. On “DFS Namespace Publishing” screen, you may configure DFS if needed.
16. On “Review Settings and Create Share” screen, click Create

Windows Server 2008 permissions explained

Read – Allows users to read the object
Write – Allows users to write to existing objects or create new objects.
Read and Execute – Allows users to read attributes of a object and read its contents.
List Folder Contents – Allows users to list contents.
Modify – Allows users to read, write, execute and delete objects.
Full Control - Allows users to read, write, execute, delete objects and change permissions on the object.